The Blue Ridge Regional Jail Authority was created in November 1994 by Member Jurisdictions for the purpose of developing and operating a regional jail system; which was established by acquiring, renovating, and expanding existing jail facilities and constructing additional jail facilities. Member Jurisdictions were faced with increasing jail populations resulting in the need for additional capacity, which was exacerbated by the poor physical condition of many of the existing facilities. Until 2007 the Member Jurisdictions were the Cities of Bedford and Lynchburg and the Counties of Bedford, Campbell, and Halifax. In July 2007, the Counties of Amherst and Appomattox joined the Authority.
The BRRJA assumed operation of the original five jail facilities on July 1, 1998. Christopher R. Webb served as the Authority's first Administrator until his retirement in February 2009. Elton W. Blackstock, previously the Assistant Administrator, was selected to serve as the new Administrator. Timothy E. Trent was named the Assistant Administrator in May 2009.
The Authority is governed by a Board made up of 13 members, including the Sheriff of each jurisdiction as required by the Code of Virginia.
The primary mission of the Blue Ridge Regional Jail Authority is to support the criminal justice system by operating its centers (Amherst County Adult Detention Center, Bedford Adult Detention Center, Campbell County Adult Detention Center, Halifax County Adult Detention Center, and Lynchburg Adult Detention Center) in a manner that produces a safe and secure environment for the public, staff, and inmates. The Authority, by primarily using direct supervision techniques, will provide for basic inmate needs and make available programs and services that promote self-responsibility and development, and have the goal of returning to the community more productive citizens.